Since these towns are only 15 miles apart a unified community was constituted.The first settlers were sent by the American missionaries.A new chapter in the history of Assyrian-Americans opened with sojourners becoming settlers.The Assyrians in Connecticut lived in the two towns of Hartford and New Britain.The native cottage industries were succumbing in competition with the foreign manufactures. from Urmia was probably Mar Yohannan, Bishop of Urmia, who came in1841 at the invitation of Dr. Jacob Asfar from Diarbekir, Turkey, was the first Jacobite Assyrian to come to U. Migrant work became so prevalent that by 1900 most Assyrian villages in Urmia were empty of their able-bodied men during the greater part of the year. from Urmia because the weekly newspaper Kokhva, published in Urmia between 1906-1917, had a column on the migrant workers abroad.Roads and railways were constructed to connect the Middle Eastern commodity market to the word at large. We have more detailed information on the condition of the migrant workers in U. Ironically, instead of benefiting the communities at home, it appears from Kokhva reports that migrant work disrupted the fabric of family and community life and caused economic hardship at home.The first church to be established in Chicago was Carter Memorial Presbyterian Church built in 1910.By 1906 there were already 250 Assyrians in Chicago. The Assyrian Christian Mens Welfare Association was under the leadership of Kasha Nesturus of Delgoshah.
The presence of various Protestant, Catholic, and Russian Orthodox missions among the Assyrians and Armenians was a mixed blessing. Kokhva began to run a column titled The Rueful Emigrant where the lamentable condition of migrant workers was described, and overseas migration was criticized.The overseas migration of the Assyrians to North America, which started during the second half of 19th century, was not an isolated phenomenon.It was part of a worldwide process that involved the transfer of raw materials and human labor from the Third World towards centers of industry in Europe and North America, and the movement of manufactured goods in the opposite direction. From the beginning a symbiotic relationship was established between the migrant workers in the Unites States, and the communities they left behind in the old country.They were from the villages of Gogtapa and Taka-Ardishay.Initially mostly men immigrated to Hartford-New Britain, since they were sojourners, and not settlers.The peasants were driven into wage labor by both need and temptation: the need to acquire the cash with which to pay taxes and other newly required cash levies; the temptation to acquire foreign made commodities. For instance, in one report Kokhva writes: Assyrians left for America with high hopes, but conditions in America were not what the migrant men expected.Christian minorities like the Assyrians and Armenians had additional reasons to leave their homeland. Abraham Yoosuf in 1889, Haidou Ablahat, a native of Tkhuma, in 1906. Among those who left from Urmia, a few returned and brought enough money to invest in land and property.In a 1907 issue Kokhva reports that 5 bible study groups met every Sunday. The goal of the association was: To help the members in work related affairs as well as leisure activities; to raise Christian awareness; to shepherd those fallen into the vices of drinking and gambling; and to prevent litigation in the Assyrian community The Turlock community is unique in three ways.First, it was the only farming community that the Assyrians established in the United States.They were drawn to this area because of the availability of industrial jobs.Many of them were employed at the Stanley hardware factory in New Britain, a maker of tools. New Britain was the site of one of the earliest Assyrian permanent settlements. Kokhva goes on to urge Assyrian men abroad to marry Assyrian women.