In the Bible, the area designated as Armenia is referred to as Ararat, which the Assyrians referred to as Urartu.
Armenians also identify themselves as the people of Ararat/Urartu and of Nairi, and their habitat as nairian ashkharh or yergir nairian .
Armenians call themselves hay and identify their homeland not by the term "Armenia" but as Hayastan or Hayasdan.
The origins of these words can be traced to the Hittites, among whose historical documents is a reference to the Hayasa.
Armenia is a rugged, volcanic country with rich mineral resources.
It is highly prone to earthquakes and occasional droughts. Approximately 3 million people live in the republic of Armenia.
There is also "Grabar" Armenian, the original written language, which is still used in the liturgy of the Armenian national (Apostolic) church. Mount Ararat has had symbolic significance for all Armenians. It may be seen on the horizon from Yerevan, but like a mirage it remains inaccessible to Armenians.
Ancient manuscripts depicting the history of Armenia are housed in the national library, Madenataran, and are valued national and historical treasures.
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Armenians have called themselves Torkomian or Torgomian .
They also call themselves Haigi serount or Haiki seround , descendants of Haig/Haik. Armenia has been identified with the mountainous Armenian plateau since pre-Roman times.
The plateau is bordered on the east by Iran, on the west by Asia Minor, on the north by the Transcaucasian plains, and on the south by the Mesopotamian plains.
The plateau consists of a complex set of mountain ranges, volcanic peaks, valleys, lakes, and rivers.