"In the '80s, Pagsanjan was declared by international gay publications as a paradise for them, a gay paradise, a haven for homosexuals", said Dr.
Sonia Zaide, an activist who is particularly concerned by the expansion of the town's sex trade to include minors, mostly young boys.
Trafficking of Women and Children in Olongapo was rampant during the time of the Subic Naval Base located close by.
In 1988, the US Naval Investigative Service confirmed the existence of child prostitution in Olongapo City.
In 2008, Angeles Mayor Francis Nepomuceno acknowledged the problem.
“We admit having HIV cases and that prostitution may be flourishing". The RHWC treated 1,421 cases in 2005, 2,516 cases in 2006 and 6,229 cases in 2007. In 2010, CNN ran an article about a 15-year-old who began working in prostitution in a bar in the notorious fields ave, Angeles City because she needed money to support her baby.
In an effort to deal with the problem, the Philippines passed R. 9208, the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003, a penal law against human trafficking, sex tourism, sex slavery and child prostitution.
In 1997, the BBC reported that UNICEF estimated many of the 200 brothels in the notorious Angeles City offer children for sex.
Most of the sex trade around the base closed at the same time due to the loss of the GI customers.
Mayor Alfredo Lim proceeded to crack down on Manila's remaining sex industry, causing many of these businesses to relocate to Angeles City, which borders on the closed base, and was becoming a popular tourist destination especially with former GI's.
In 2010, an estimated 60,000 to 100,000 children in the Philippines were involved in prostitution rings, according to Minette Rimando, a spokeswoman for the U.
N.'S International Labour Organization's Manila office. The Philippines is ranked under Tier 2 Watch List in the 2009 Trafficking in Persons Report of the United States (US) State Department due to the Philippine government’s alleged failure to show evidence of progress in convicting trafficking offenders, particularly those responsible for labor trafficking.