The final crisis of Richard's reign occurred in the years 1397-1400, when Richard settled old scores with the Appellants, became increasingly autocratic and tyrannical, and lost his throne and then his life in the Lancastrian revolution.
The extended crisis might be said to begin when Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham, one of the original Appellants, reported to the king that the Appellants had met and devised plots against him at Arundel Castle.
After some political maneuvering, including a cascade of gloves thrown at Richard's feet by the Appellants and others when he defended Brembre, the lords found Brembre guilty of treason, and he was condemned on 20 February.
When Tresilian was discovered in hiding in Westminster, he was executed at Tyburn; Brembre was similarly dispatched the next day.
Despite Richard and the queen's intercession, Sir Simon Burley, formerly the king's tutor, was executed along with three other chamber knights.
9 See The Parson's Tale on both "superfluitee of clothynge" and "horrible disordinat scantnesse of clothyng" in The Canterbury Tales (in The Riverside Chaucer, ed. The poet also ranges back to previous political events, such as the Appellants' challenge to Richard at Radcot Bridge (1387), the Merciless Parliament of 1388, and the Shrewsbury Parliament of 1398, when Richard banished Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, for life and Henry Bolingbroke for ten years.
[Boston: Houghton Mifflin, Co., 1987]), X [I] 416-29. A Galaunt and The Pride of Women's Horns in Historical Poems of the XIV and XV Century, ed. 138-39; and Satirical Songs and Poems on Costume from the 13th to the 19th Century, ed. The point of departure for the poem occurs when the narrator arrives at Christ Church in Bristol - such is the fiction - and overhears political arguments for and against both King Richard and Henry.
De Vere fled to Chester and returned with forces, but the Appellants, now joined by Henry Bolingbroke, learned of his plans and blocked his route to London, trapping him at Radcot Bridge, Oxfordshire.
He displayed the royal banner but was caught between the forces of Bolingbroke and Gloucester.