The image was seared on the linen after the bloodstains.The fact that the bloodstains retain their reddish colour is evidence that the blood came from a person under extreme duress.
This technology uses infra-red light and spectroscopy to measure the radiation intensity through wavelengths, and from these measurements a date can be calculated.Fanti’s method dated fibres from the Shroud to 300 BC–400 AD.Of course, there are critics who argue that Fanti’s methods are unreliable.It is, they believe, the burial cloth of Jesus Christ.It has been venerated as such for centuries, and since the 17th century, when it came to Turin, has been the cathedral’s best-known treasures.Popes have come to gaze on the Shroud; Benedict XVI said when he visited in 2010 that “we see, as in a mirror, our suffering in the suffering of Christ”. They refer to the 1987 Carbon-14 dating and say, “It’s medieval. That settles it.” But the believers bounce back, and year by year, as modern technology advances, more and more evidence accumulates which causes anyone who reads the research to be sceptical of the sceptics.The most recent claim – that the blood on the Shroud is from a torture victim – has re-opened the debate.In addition, traces of the spices used for Jewish burial have been discovered. The bloodstains on the Shroud are real human blood, not paint.The flow of the blood accurately reflects crucifixion and subsequent burial.An exact copy of the Shroud of Turin, the linen cloth that wrapped the body of Jesus Christ, is displayed at the chapel of the Cahtholic Armenian patriarch's residence in an east Beirut neighbourhood (JOSEPH EID/AFP/Getty Images) Sceptics may dismiss the Turin Shroud, but there is good evidence the relic is authentic A verse in the epistle to the Hebrews asserts that faith is “the substance of things hoped for – the evidence of things not seen.” The resurrection of Jesus Christ is an event forever hoped for, but it is also an event unseen.Believers in the Shroud of Turin, however, insist that the Shroud is the substance of this hope and the evidence of this unseen event.