His articles for these races were the earliest national racing rules.
The horses raced were six years old and carried 168 pounds (76 kg), and the winner was the first to win two 4-mile (6.4-km) heats.
This article is confined to Thoroughbred horse racing on the flat without jumps.
During the reign of Louis XIV (1643–1715), racing based on gambling was prevalent.
Louis XVI (reigned 1774–93) organized a jockey club and established rules of racing by royal decree that included requiring certificates of origin for horses and imposing extra weight on foreign horses.
As dash racing (one heat) became the rule, a few yards in a race gained importance, and, consequently, so did the rider’s skill and judgment in coaxing that advantage from his mount.
All horse racing on the flat except quarter-horse racing involves Thoroughbred horses.